The objective of this course is to learn about the emerging field and practice in Rule of Law Reform. It includes the examination of case studies focusing on the design and implementation of legal and judicial reform programs as its core methodology. Initially, we will consider the factors that have contributed to these programs and discuss why many institutions believe that “sustainable development”, be it political, economic or social, must include a well-functioning, effective, and accessible justice system. We will look at reform efforts undertaken by many countries, including those in post-conflict reconstruction or transitional justice; countries which seek to enhance their position in competitive market economies; and others which respond to an increasingly demanding population of users. We’ll begin by examining the multiple definitions of “rule of law” and look at the different objectives of democracy promotion, economic development, human rights compliance and social justice, anti-corruption and law enforcement. We will consider the often overlapping or inconsistent agendas of international and regional organizations (e.g. United Nations, World Bank, USAID, Inter-American Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and bilateral aid agencies such as USAID). Among the topics included through case studies are: measuring access to justice, criminal procedural reform, court administration, commercial law, alternative dispute resolution, post conflict/transitional justice, legal education, indicators of judicial corruption, among others.